Visiting Piedmont, in Italy, you can not miss a visit to Saluzzo, a magnificent and spectacular example of medieval architecture perfectly preserved over the centuries.
The opportunities to take good pictures in Saluzzo are definitely a lot.
Saluzzo was for centuries, an independent and proud Marquis, an area with a vocation for fruits a fertile and generous land.
The day I came to visit Saluzzo unfortunately it was cold and foggy, not the best to take the photos I had in mind, in this unlucky day also the beautiful “Castello della Manta”, with its Renaissance frescoes was closed due to renovations.
Photo gallery: Saluzzo and its street in historic center
It is not sure, but the first track of Saluzzo and its history appears in 1028 AD in an act which Saluzzo is mentioned in a possession of the Marquis of Turin, Olderico Manfredi, of the family Arduinici. However, archaeological finds from Roman times assume a pre-existing settlement.
Saluzzo is already a Marquis at the end of 1100.
Since then a dynasty of fourteen marquis succeeded and led this small state maintaining political relations with France and Mantua.
Thanks to these political ties with France Saluzzo tried to contend Piedmont to Savoy domination.
The Marquis of Saluzzo reached the top of his fortune in the fifteenth century, along with economic prosperity ensured by a long period of peace that corresponds also to the splendor and growing arts and letters.
Saluzzo typically takes the form of a “Renaissance” village with a small capital and a village distributed like a fan over the hill, surrounded by a circle of walls preserved, in part, to the present day.
The progressive loss of independence reduced the city, from an active and commercial center both administrative and artistic, to a remote farming village destined to a slow and irreversible decline.
Saluzzo become vulnerable because weakened by internal problems between the descendants of the Marquis Ludovico II, the town saw the definitive end of the feeble independence in 1548 with the deposition of Marchese Gabriele Ludovico by the French troops and the subsequent annexation to France.
Towards the end of 1588, the Duke Carlo Emanuele I of Savoy, militarily occupied the Marquis, still subject to the protection of France.
It was the beginning of the war against the French, which it was fought in Alta Val Susa and Val chisone but the war did not last long and ended May 2, 1598.
With the Treaty of Lyon in 1601, Carlo Emanuele I gained dominion over the territory of the Marquis, annexing it to the domains of the House of Savoy to which remained until the unification of Italy.